Michelia nilagirica Zenker

 
  • Family : MAGNOLIACEAE
    (Magnolia Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SON CHAMPA FAMILY (सोन चम्पा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : MAGNOLIACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Magnolia nilagirica (Zenker) Figlar
  • Common name : White Champak, Neilgiri Champak
  • Vernacular name : Peela Champa (Kannada); Kattuchempakam, Vellachempakam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Shola forests
  • Comments / notes : On moist deciduous hill to evergreen montane forests above 1250m. Extensive timber logging and its restricted distribution has made this species threatened
  • Key identification features : Bark brown, cracked, blaze grey. Follicles yellow-warty. Seeds 1-2 scarlet.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-August
  • Collection Nos : CS & HSS 60
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : BR Hills (Chamarajanagar district), Chikkamagaluru district, Mysuru district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Vulnerable (VU)
  • Literature : Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnatka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Michelia nilagirica. Downloaded on 14 July 2020.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.