Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. ex Pierre

 
  • Family : MAGNOLIACEAE
    (Magnolia Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SON CHAMPA FAMILY (सोन चम्पा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MAGNOLIACEAE
  • Basionym : Michelia champaca L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. ex Pierre
  • Common name : Champak Tree, Champak, Golden champa, Yellow champa
  • Vernacular name : Champak (Hindi); Sampige mara (Kannada); Champaka maram, Shenbagam (Tamil); Sampangi, Champakamu (Telugu); Champa (Oria); Champaka (Sanskrit); Champa, Kud-champa, Pivla-champa, Son-champa (Marathi); Chembakam, Champakam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Planted in cool valleys, near and around temples and in gardens for its attractive flowers.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-July
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Tirumala Hills (Chittoor district), East Godavari district (East Godavari district), Simhachalam Hills (Vishakapatnam district), Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Planted in gardens
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal, South-west China to Malaysia, Thailand
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Magnolia champaca. Downloaded on 20 April 2021.

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