Iphigenia indica (L.) A.Gray ex Kunth

 
  • Family : LILIACEAE
    (Lily Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BACHNAG FAMILY (बचनाग फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : COLCHICACEAE
  • Basionym : Melanthium indicum L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Iphigenia indica (L.) A.Gray ex Kunth
  • Vernacular name : Neerpanai (Tamil); Markalai (Marathi); Mungarimolaka (Telugu)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Grasslands and dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On plains to about 1600m.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-September
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 11/08/2010
  • Collection Nos : FAP 39959
  • Collection Locality : Kalasamudram, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Kurnool district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, Krishna district
    • Telangana : Nizamabad district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Kolar district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Maharashtra : All disricts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district, Dhenkanal district, Sambalpur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : India to Malaysia
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Himalayas, Myanmar, Malesia, Australia, Thailand
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sankar,R.V., R. Kottaimuthu & K. Ravikumar (2009). Additions to the flora of Sirumalai Hills, Eastern Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(7): 379-381; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Iphigenia indica. Downloaded on 2 April 2020.

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