Gloriosa superba L.

 
  • Family : LILIACEAE
    (Lily Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BACHNAG FAMILY (बचनाग फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : COLCHICACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Gloriosa rothschildiana O'Brien
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Gloriosa superba L.
  • Common name : Malabar Glory Lily, Tiger Claw Lily, Glorious Lily, Climbing lily
  • Vernacular name : Karihari, Langoli, Kulhari, Kaliari (Hindi); Gauri hoovu, Huli uguru, Agnishika, Kolikuttuma (Kannada); Kalappaikizhanngu, Kanvalikodi (Tamil); Nageti gadda, Adavi-nabhi, Kalappa gadda, Ganjeri, Pottidumpa (Tel); Langali (Sanskrit); Kalalavi, Kadya-nag (Marathi); Kanthel, Kariyilanchi, Karthikapoovu, Malathamara, Menthonni, Ventoni (Malayalam); Ognisikha, Meheria phulo, Karihara, Dasara phulo, Durga phulo, Nanangalia (Oria)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen, moist deciduous and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Sporadic in open forests and scrub. Often in plains to about 1000m, on thickets.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-November
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R & Raja K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 11/09/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-63
  • Collection Locality : Kavalur Observatory, Jawadhu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Bagalkot district, Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Kolar district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All disricts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Khurda district, Ganjam district, Malkangiri district, Koraput district, Dhenkanal district, also in tidal scrub
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Paleotropics
  • World Distribution : Tropical Africa, Madagascar, India, China, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Gowda, 2004 – Floraof Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gloriosa superba. Downloaded on 2 April 2020.

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