Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.

 
  • Family : LILIACEAE
    (LILY FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Xanthorrhoeaceae
  • Basionym : Aloe perfoliata var. vera L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.
  • Common name : True Aloe, Indian Aloe, Jaffabad Aloe, Barbados Aloe
  • Vernacular name : Kumari, Ghrtakumari (Sanskrit); Ghikumari, Ghikunvar (Hindi); Lolesara (Kannada); Korphad, Yellia (Marathi); Cherukattala, Kattarvazha, Kattuvala, Ghritakumari (Malayalam); Chinna kalabanda (Telugu)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests and wasteland. Often planted
  • Comments / notes : Root and leaf extracts are medicinal. Also cultivated in household. Commonly planted in gardens and plantations. The extract is used for treatment of skin ailments.
  • Key identification features : A large perennial herb (50-100 cm.). Roots are slender and fibrous. Leaves arise from the base of the plant, all from the same level. They are thick, fleshy with apex drawn out into a pointed structure with prickly margins. Flowers arise on a terminal elongated erect inflorescence, older ones being at the base and the youngest at the apex. Stamens are six and shortly exserted. Fruit is an ellipsoidal and three-angled capsule.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-January
  • Collection Nos : CJS 14145
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Bagalkot district, Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Ballari district, Bidar district, Chamarajanagar district, Chikkamagaluru district, Chikkaballapur district, Chitradurga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Dharwad district, Gadag district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Haveri district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Kolar district, Koppal district, Mandya district, MST, Raichur district, Ramanagara district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district, Yadgir district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All disricts of Maharashtra
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Mediterranean, Canary Islands
  • World Distribution : Naturalized in most part of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Aloe vera. Downloaded on 7 December 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.