Leea indica (Burm.f.) Merr.

 
  • Family : LEEACEAE
    (LEEA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Vitaceae
  • Basionym : Staphylea indica Burm. f.
  • Synonym(s) : Leea sambucina (L.) Willd.; Aquilicia sambucina L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
  • Common name : Bandicoot Berry
  • Vernacular name : Kurkurjhiwa (Hindi); Nedili, Andilu, Karote (Kannada); Neykki, Ottanali, Polavakkodi (Tamil); Ankadosa (Telugu); Kaladchana (Oria); Jeera vali (Sanskrit); Chorianthali, Erattayani, Kudanjazhuku, Maniperandi, Njakku, Nyeru (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Degraded semi-evergreen and Evergreen forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : On hills above 750m in sholas.
  • Flower, Fruit : April-November
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, K. Sankara Rao & Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 25/10/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-298
  • Collection Locality : Way to K.P. Dam, Tirumala Hills, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district, Nellore district, West Godavari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district, Bargarh district, Angul district, Puri district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : Indian subcontinent
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Hainan, Thailand, China, Malesia, N.Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.; M.R. Almeida (1996). Flora of Maharashtra vol.1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Leea indica. Downloaded on 18 November 2019.

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