Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn.

 
  • Family : LECYTHIDACEAE
    (Lecythis Or Brasil Nut Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KUMBHI FAMILY (कुंभी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : LECYTHIDACEAE
  • Basionym : Eugenia acutangula L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn.
  • Common name : Indian Oak Tree, Small Indain oak
  • Vernacular name : Hyal, Hyar, Hijjal (Hindi); Neeru kanigalu (Kannada); Adampai, Samuthirapaalai (Tamil); Kanapa, Kurpa, Kadmi, Tarepu, Kudapa, Kalapa, Neru-kanti, Neru-kanapa (Telugu); Hinjal, Hijal (Oria); Dhatriphal (Sanskrit); Attampu, Attupera, Aattuvanchimaram, Adambu, Cheriyasamskaravadi, Neerpezhu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Along riverbanks and water courses
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on plains, on banks of rivers and tanks
  • Flower, Fruit : April-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district, East Godavari district, Chittoor district, Vishakapatnam district, West Godavari district, Kurnool district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district
  • Native : Tropical Asia, Australia
  • World Distribution : Tropical Asia to Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Barringtonia acutangula. Downloaded on 1 December 2020.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.