Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng.

 
  • Family : LECYTHIDACEAE
    (LECYTHIS or BRASIL NUT FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lecythidaceae
  • Basionym : Eugenia racemosa L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng.
  • Common name : Seaside Indian oak, Fish-killer tree, Freshwater mangrove, Putat Kampung
  • Vernacular name : Vishaya (Sanskrit); Norvisnee (Hindi); Samudra phala, Samudra maapaala (Kannada); Samudrachampa, Samudrakai (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Along banks of backwaters and mangrove forests
  • Comments / notes : Rare. Found growing along the banks of streams
  • Key identification features : A small tree. Leaves obovate or elliptic-obovate, acute at apex, narrowed into a very short periole at base. Flowers pink, racemes. Calyx-tube turbinate, limb splitting into 2-3 unequal lobes. Petals 4, ovate. Berry ovoid; pericarp leathery
  • Flower, Fruit : April-October
  • Collector(s) Name : R.Raghavendra Rao
  • Collection Nos : R.R.Rao 1321
  • Collection Locality : Paschimavahini (Mysore)
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia to Polynesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Barringtonia racemosa. Downloaded on 15 December 2019.

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