Cryptocarya beddomei Gamble

 
  • Family : LAURACEAE
    (LAUREL FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lauraceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cryptocarya beddomei Gamble
  • Vernacular name : Chembalava, Shemnbalava (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Shola- and Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional above 1,200m in Ghats
  • Key identification features : Evergreen trees. Branchlets fulvous-pubescent, leaves coriaceous, reddish-glaucous beneath, shining above, petiole to 1 cm long, truncate at base, margin entire, obtuse or retuse at apex, lateral nerves 6-9 pairs, secondary nerves distinct, subparallel, glabrous or glabrescent. Inflorescence in axillary and terminal panicles, fulvous-pubescent, spreading, 9 cm long. Stamens of 3rd row with produced connectives. Young fruits ellipsoid.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-May
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Uttara Kannada district, Shivamogga district, Mysuru district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Theni district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : South India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Vulnerable (VU)
  • Literature : Gamble, 1925. Fl. Pres, Mad. Vol.2. pp. 1218; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnatka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014- Flora of South Kanara; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1987). Flora of tamilnadu, India vol. 2.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Cryptocarya beddomei. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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