Orthosiphon thymiflorus (Roth) Sleensen

  • Family : LAMIACEAE
    (Mint Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : TULSI FAMILY (तुलसी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LAMIACEAE
  • Basionym : Ocimum thymiflorum Roth
  • Synonym(s) : Orthosiphon glabratus Benth.; Orthosiphon viscosus Benth.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Orthosiphon thymiflorus (Roth) Sleesen
  • Common name : Chilantippatam
  • Vernacular name : Chilannippadam, Kattuthritha (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Degraded moist and dry deciduous forests and wastelands
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on hills above 600m, on bare slopes, rock crevices and more common on arable land
  • Key identification features : Ovate leaves, dentate margin
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy & Noel Sebastian
  • Collection Date : 11-11-2018
  • Collection Nos : KFP 12815; HJCB-1826
  • Collection Locality : Marayoor, Idukki District, Kerala
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kadapa district, Kurnool district, East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district, Chittoor district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Mysuru district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district, Dhenkanal district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • Native : India, China, Sri Lanka, Malaysia
  • World Distribution : India, China, Malesia, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Herbarium specimens from Marayoor, Idukki district, Kerala.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Orthosiphon thymiflorus. Downloaded on 5 July 2020.

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