Ocimum americanum L.

  • Family : LAMIACEAE
    (Mint Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : TULSI FAMILY (तुलसी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LAMIACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Ocimum canum Sims
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ocimum americanum L.
  • Common name : Lemon Basil, Hoary Basil
  • Vernacular name : Vantulsi, Kala tulsi (Hindi); NaayiTulasi (Kannada); Naithulasi (Tamil); Vanabarbrika (Sanskrit); Rantulashi (Marathi); Kukkatulasi, Bhutholasi (Telugu); Gonga tulasi, Goda tulsi, Bantulsi, Kank tulsi (Oria); Katturamatulasi, Kattuthrithavu, Kattuthulasi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Open deciduous forests, wastelands and degraded forests
  • Comments / notes : Weed; often in plains to 1200m. Gregarious in wastelands and arable fields
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 02/01/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-306
  • Collection Locality : Batrepalli forest, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Ballari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • Native : Paleotropics
  • World Distribution : Paleotropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ocimum americanum. Downloaded on 29 March 2020.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.