Ocimum gratissimum L.

 
  • Family : LAMIACEAE
    (MINT FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ocimum gratissimum L.
  • Common name : Wild Basil, Shrubby Basil, Lemon basil, Tea bush
  • Vernacular name : Elumicchan thulasi (Tamil); Nimma tulsia, Ram tulasi (Telugu); Ban tulsi (Oria); Attuthulasi, Anathulasi, Kattuthrithavu, Karpoorathulasi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Wastelands and in dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Often in plains near habitations to 900m
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Common
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Tamil Nadu : Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district)
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Sankar,R.V., R. Kottaimuthu & K. Ravikumar (2009). Additions to the flora of Sirumalai Hills, Eastern Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(7): 379-381.; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ocimum gratissimum. Downloaded on 12 December 2019.

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