Ocimum basilicum var. basilicum

 
  • Family : LAMIACEAE
    (MINT FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Ocimum basilicum var. purpurascens Benth.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ocimum basilicum L.
  • Common name : Sweet Basil, Common basil
  • Vernacular name : Babul (Hindi); Kamakastoori (Kannada); Barbari (Sanskrit); Rudrajada, Comgobbiri (Telugu); Kattuthrithavu, Tirunetru (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Widely cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Often on plains to 1000m, as a colonizer of wasteland and arable fields
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district, Davanagare district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Old World tropics
  • World Distribution : Naturalized in tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ocimum basilicum var. basilicum. Downloaded on 16 December 2019.

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