Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.

    (Amaranth Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GARUNDI FAMILY (गरूण्डी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : AMARANTHACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.
  • Common name : Aligator Weed
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : Common on the margins of water bodies and marshy places, shallow water pools, ditches.
  • Key identification features : A small herb to 30-50 cm. with hallow stems and branches. Leaves are simple, alternate, sessile and spoon-shaped. Flowers are aggregated into head-like clusters on a long inflorescence axis. Floral lobes are shiny-white. Anthers and stigmas are yellow.
  • Flower, Fruit : May-November
  • Collector(s) Name : Chikkasetty
  • Collection Nos : KFP 12316
  • Collection Locality : Bangalore
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Hassan district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Alappuzha district
  • Native : South America, now established in Indo-Malaysia and Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. philoxeroides. Downloaded on 20 October 2020.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at