Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.

 
  • Family : AMARANTHACEAE
    (AMARANTH FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Amaranthaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.
  • Common name : Aligator Weed
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : Common on the margins of water bodies and marshy places, shallow water pools, ditches.
  • Key identification features : A small herb to 30-50 cm. with hallow stems and branches. Leaves are simple, alternate, sessile and spoon-shaped. Flowers are aggregated into head-like clusters on a long inflorescence axis. Floral lobes are shiny-white. Anthers and stigmas are yellow.
  • Flower, Fruit : May-November
  • Collector(s) Name : Chikkasetty
  • Collection Nos : KFP 12316
  • Collection Locality : Bangalore
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Hassan district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Alappuzha district
  • Native : South America, now established in Indo-Malaysia and Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Alternanthera philoxeroides. Downloaded on 10 December 2019.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.