Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link

 
  • Family : LAMIACEAE
    (Mint Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : TULSI FAMILY (तुलसी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LAMIACEAE
  • Basionym : Phlomis aspera Willd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link
  • Common name : Common Leucas, Thumbe
  • Vernacular name : Chota halkkusha (Hindi); Thumbe gida (Kannada); Thumbai (Tamil); Dronapushpi (Sanskrit)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Open deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Often on plains, on wayside as a weed, locally abundant in fallow fields and wastelands
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy & Arun Singh R
  • Collection Date : 13/09/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0041
  • Collection Locality : Jamunamarthur, Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Ballari district, Davanagare district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Tropical Asia
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Leucas aspera. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

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