Sarcostigma kleinii Wight & Arn.

 
  • Family : ICACINACEAE
    (Icacina Or White Pear Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GHENERA FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : ICACINACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Sarcostigma kleinii Wight & Arn.
  • Vernacular name : Erumathali, Odal, Vattodal, Vellodal (Malayalam); Odal, Peevenna (Tamil)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests, along the ghats, also in the sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : Frequent in forests along Western Ghats at low elevations.
  • Key identification features : A large climbing shrub. Leaves alternate, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous. Flowers minute, dioecious, yellowish. Fruit a drupe, oblong, compressed, orange-yellow
  • Flower, Fruit : October-February
  • Collection Nos : KFP 4023, HFP 2714, CJS 11391
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Kolhapur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Saldanha, C. J. 1996. Flora of Karnataka vol. 2; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Sarcostigma kleinii. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

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