Gomphandra tetrandra (Wallich) Sleumer

  • Family : ICACINACEAE
    (Icacina Or White Pear Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GHENERA FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : ICACINACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Stemonurus tetrandrus (Wall.) Alston; Gomphandra polymorpha Wight 1: 103. 1840, p.p.; Gomphandra axillaris Wall. ex Bedd.; Lasianthera tetrandra Wall.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Gomphandra tetrandra (Wall.) Sleumer
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Evergreen, semi-evergreen and shola forests
  • Comments / notes : Frequent
  • Key identification features : Shrub or small tree. Leaves alternate, broadly elliptic to narrowly oblong or oblanceolate, acuminate at apex. Flowers small, polygamo-dioecious, in axillary or leaf-opposed condensed cymes. Calyx minute, cupular. Disc in male flowers cushion-shaped, united with the base of the rudimentary ovary, often absent in female flowers. Ovary elongate, 1-celled; ovules 2, pendulous. Fruit a drupe, oblong, white, crowned by the remains of stigma. Seed 1.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-August
  • Collection Nos : KFP 8390, KFP 10298
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : South and Southeast Asia and China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Saldanha, C. J. 1996. Flora of Karnataka vol. 2; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gomphandra tetrandra. Downloaded on 20 January 2022.

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Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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