Gomphandra tetrandra (Wallich) Sleumer

 
  • Family : ICACINACEAE
    (ICACINA or WHITE PEAR FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Icacinaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Stemonurus tetrandrus (Wall.) Alston; Gomphandra polymorpha Wight 1: 103. 1840, p.p.; Gomphandra axillaris Wall. ex Bedd.; Lasianthera tetrandra Wall.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Gomphandra tetrandra (Wall.) Sleumer
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Evergreen, semi-evergreen and shola forests
  • Comments / notes : Frequent
  • Key identification features : Shrub or small tree. Leaves alternate, broadly elliptic to narrowly oblong or oblanceolate, acuminate at apex. Flowers small, polygamo-dioecious, in axillary or leaf-opposed condensed cymes. Calyx minute, cupular. Disc in male flowers cushion-shaped, united with the base of the rudimentary ovary, often absent in female flowers. Ovary elongate, 1-celled; ovules 2, pendulous. Fruit a drupe, oblong, white, crowned by the remains of stigma. Seed 1.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-August
  • Collection Nos : KFP 8390, KFP 10298
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : South and Southeast Asia and China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Saldanha, C. J. 1996. Flora of Karnataka vol. 2; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gomphandra tetrandra. Downloaded on 14 December 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.