Curculigo orchioides Gaertner

 
  • Family : HYPOXIDACEAE
    (LILY OR AFRICAN POTATO FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Hypoxidaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Curculigo malabarica Wight
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.
  • Common name : Yellow Groundstar, Black musale
  • Vernacular name : Kaalimusli, musli, Musor, Musal khand, Kalsmusali, Mushali (Hindi); Nela taale gaddi (Kannada); Nilappanai, Tharaippanai (Tamil); Talamuli (Sanskrit); Kajuri (Marathi); Thalmuli, Maniakanda, Maini kuakenda, Mosania Kandha, Baria Kandha, Kuthra gulam, Kovaa kaanda (Oria); Nelatatygadda, Nallatadi, Pilli tega, Sukka dumpa (Telugu); Nelpana, Nilappana (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous forests and grasslands, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 1600m, on the floor of scrub jungles and slopes of hills. Abundant on disturbed ground.
  • Flower, Fruit : April-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All districs of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district,
  • Native : India, Java
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia, Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Curculigo orchioides. Downloaded on 12 December 2019.

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