Exacum pedunculatum L.

 
  • Family : GENTIANACEAE
    (Gentian Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BHUIN NEEM FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : GENTIANACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Exacum pedunculatum L.
  • Vernacular name : Banogoggaiso, Banophalongo (Oria)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Rice fields, grasslands
  • Comments / notes : On hill plains and moist ground along stream banks, fallow fields etc.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-March
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Guntur district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Kurnool district, Chittoor district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Chikkamagaluru district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Cuttack district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Salem district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore district; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Exacum pedunculatum. Downloaded on 27 October 2020.

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