Exacum bicolor Roxb.

 
  • Family : GENTIANACEAE
    (Gentian Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BHUIN NEEM FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : GENTIANACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Exacum tetragonum Roxb.; Exacum perrottetii Griseb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Exacum tetragonum Roxb.
  • Common name : Bicolor Persian Violet
  • Vernacular name : Bara charayata (Hindi); Kannamthali (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Grasslands and laterite hills, and shola borders
  • Flower, Fruit : September-January
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Kolar district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Theni district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Peninsular India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; R.S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Ravichandran, V. 2016. Taxonomic and Phytogeographical investigation on endemic plants of Western Ghats with special reference to Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary of Tamil Nadu (Ph.D. thesis work); Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore district; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Exacum bicolor. Downloaded on 10 July 2020.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.