Exacum bicolor Roxb.

 
  • Family : GENTIANACEAE
    (GENTIAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Gentianaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Exacum tetragonum Roxb.; Exacum perrottetii Griseb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Exacum tetragonum Roxb.
  • Common name : Bicolor Persian Violet
  • Vernacular name : Bara charayata (Hindi); Kannamthali (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Grasslands and laterite hills, and shola borders
  • Flower, Fruit : September-January
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Kolar district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Theni district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Peninsular India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; R.S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Ravichandran, V. 2016. Taxonomic and Phytogeographical investigation on endemic plants of Western Ghats with special reference to Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary of Tamil Nadu (Ph.D. thesis work); Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore district; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Exacum bicolor. Downloaded on 8 December 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.