Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R.Br.

 
  • Family : GENTIANACEAE
    (Gentian Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BHUIN NEEM FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : GENTIANACEAE
  • Basionym : Gentiana diffusa Vahl
  • Synonym(s) : Canscora decurrens Dalzell; Canscora lawii Wight
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.
  • Vernacular name : Janjada (Telugu); Burrurria (Oria); Jeerakapullu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Moist and shaded places, near streams of deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On moist hilly regions, in shade along stream banks and fallow fields up to 800m.
  • Flower, Fruit : October-April
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy, Arun Singh & Navendu Page
  • Collection Date : 25/02/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0502
  • Collection Locality : Mahanadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Nayagarh district (OD)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Nellore district, Kurnool district, Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district,
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Koraput district, Bargarh district, Keonjhar district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Tropical Africa, Southeast Asia to Tropical Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Canscora diffusa. Downloaded on 4 July 2020.

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