Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch.

    (Flacourtia Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : CHILLA FAMILY (चिल्ला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : SALICACEAE
  • Basionym : Stigmarota jangomas Lour.
  • Synonym(s) : Flacourtia cataphracta Roxb. ex Willd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch.
  • Common name : Puneala plum
  • Vernacular name : Painialah, Paniaonla (Hindi); Kuragari, Tilisa patram, Talis patram, Pulivelaga (Telugu); Baincho, Baincha (Oria); Shamper (Kannada); Vayankatu cheralu, Mullumukanchi (Tamil); Loika, Lavalolikka, Luikka (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous and Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Rare in wild. Cultivated for edible fruits. Common in Pauri hills of Pallahara, Angul district between 600-900m and also in Gocha block in Nayagar districts of Odisha state.
  • Key identification features : A small tree. Develop compound thorns at base up to middle age. Bark smooth dark brown
  • Flower, Fruit : March-October
  • World Distribution : Widely cultivated in India, Southeast Asia and East Africa
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Prakasa Rao, J et al (2015). Tree additions to the flora of East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India. JoTT. 7 (12):7953-7957; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Flacourtia jangomas. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.