Casearia elliptica Willd.

 
  • Family : FLACOURTIACEAE
    (Flacourtia Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : CHILLA FAMILY (चिल्ला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : SALICACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Guidonia tomentosa (Roxb.) Kurz; Casearia tomentosa Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Casearia tomentosa Roxb.
  • Vernacular name : Allemari, Sillangi (Kannada); Chilaka-doddi (Telugu); Kadichai (Tamil); Benimonj, Girari, Kakra, Kaukada, Majo, Khokhoda (Oria); Chilla, Karei (Marathi); Anakkarana, Annavananni, Cherukanali, Vapunnakannan (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous forests and forest plantations
  • Comments / notes : Occasional along streams in dry deciduous forests, up to 960m alt. The plant extracts are used in local medicine.
  • Flower, Fruit : February-August
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Seshachalam Hills (Chittoor district), Srikakulam district (Srikakulam district), Nallamalai Hills (Kurnool district), Addateegala Forest, Kutranda (East Godavari district)
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district
    • Maharashtra : Aurangabad district, Chandrapur district, Dhule district, Gadchiroli district, Nagpur district, Pune district, Nashik district, Ratnagiri district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district, Yavatmal district
    • Odisha : All disricts of Odisha in scrub and low elevations
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Ramanathapuram district, SL, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Thanjavur district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia to Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Casearia elliptica. Downloaded on 7 June 2020.

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