Zornia diphylla (L.) Pers.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Hedysarum diphyllum L.
  • Synonym(s) : Zornia conjugata (Willd.) Sm.; Zornia diphylla var. zeylonensis (Pers.) Benth.; Zornia zeylonensis Pers.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Zornia diphylla (L.) Pers.
  • Common name : Trencilla
  • Vernacular name : Murikkotti (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Lateritic grassy slopes, forest plantations, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Common on plains. Grazed by cattle and hence sometimes missed by Botanists (Matthew, 1983).
  • Key identification features : Diffuse herb
  • Flower, Fruit : November-January
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district
    • Kerala : Malappuram district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Bolangir district, Bargarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruchirapalli district, Cuddalore district, Kanyakumari district, Villipuram district, Tirunelveli district, Ramanathapuram district, Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills, Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Zornia diphylla. Downloaded on 16 December 2019.

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