Vigna trilobata (L.) Verdc.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Dolichos trilobatus L.
  • Synonym(s) : Phaseolus trilobus Aiton
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Vigna trilobata (L.) Verdc.
  • Vernacular name : Mungam, Trianguli, Rakhalakalai (Hindi); Pisaru kaayi (Kannada); Pilipesara (Telugu); Sano-mungo (Oria); Cheruvidukol, Kattupayar, Kokkikai (Malayalam); Panipayir (Tamil)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Rocky areas in dry and moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On plains up to 600m. Abundant sometimes on arable land, along fallow fields and river banks.
  • Flower, Fruit : June-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Kurnool district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Bengaluru district, Ballari district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Raichur district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Puri district, Khurda district, Cuttack district, Bolangir district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – Flora of Mysore District; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Vigna trilobata. Downloaded on 13 December 2019.

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