Tephrosia villosa (L.) Pers.

  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Cracca villosa L.; Galega villosa (L.) L.
  • Synonym(s) : Tephrosia hirta (Buch.-Ham.) Benth.; Tephrosia incana (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.; Galega hirta Buch.-Ham.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Tephrosia villosa (L.) Pers.
  • Common name : Shaggy wild Indigo
  • Vernacular name : Nugu vempali, Nogu vempali (Telugu); Banokulthia, Kulthia, Sroeto kolathiya (Oria); Barbaria (Sanskrit)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Degraded forest areas, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in plains to 600m in wastelands and in poor soil. Gregarious in disturbed ground.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Guntur district, Anantapur district, Kadapa district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Common in open wasteland
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Southeast Asia
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Tephrosia villosa. Downloaded on 20 June 2021.

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