Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Cracca purpurea L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.
  • Common name : Common Tephrosia, Wild Indigo
  • Vernacular name : Sarponkha, Damasia (Hindi); Kolingii, Koggi gida, Sharapunkha (Kannada); , Kat Kolingi, Kolinchi, Kattukolingi, Avuri (Tamil); Neela vempali, Bonta vempali, Vempali (Telugu); Bano Kuthi, Gileri, Kulathio, Ban nilo, Mohisia Kotathiya, Pokha, Soro pokha (Oria); Unhali (Marathi); Kattamari, Kadikozhingil, Kolinnil, Kozhingil, Kozhuva (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous forests and grasslands, also in the plains and waste places
  • Comments / notes : On plains up to 750m. Gregarious in wasteland, fallow fields and along foothills of deciduous to scrub forests. Also grows in poor, less fertile soil.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Malathi K. Rao
  • Collection Date : Jan. 2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-394
  • Collection Locality : Horsley Hills, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Himalayas, India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Tropica, South Africa, Bhutan, Australia; Introduced in Tropical America
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Tephrosia purpurea. Downloaded on 13 December 2019.

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