Spatholobus purpureus Benth. ex Baker

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Butea purpurea (Benth ex Baker) Blatt.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Spatholobus purpureus Prain
  • Vernacular name : Vallichamatha (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Not common.
  • Key identification features : Large climber; pods papery winged
  • Flower, Fruit : December-May
  • Collection Nos : R.S.Raghavan 69406 (BSI), Talbot 1630 (BSI)
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Spatholobus purpureus. Downloaded on 12 December 2019.

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