Rhynchosia minima (L.) DC.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Dolichos minimus L.
  • Synonym(s) : Rhynchosia minima var. laxiflora (Cambess.) Baker
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Rhynchosia minima (L.) DC.
  • Vernacular name : Baunharun (Hindi); Ghattavare (Kannada); Gadi chikkudu Kaya, Nela alumu (Telugu)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Scrub jungles and dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on plains to 500m on thickets.
  • Key identification features : Leaflets obtuse at apex, flowers yellow in axillary racemes, fruit 2-seeded pod
  • Flower, Fruit : November-February
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 09-07-2009; 13-12-2014; 15-11-2014
  • Collection Nos : FAP 33681; HJCB-E-194; HJCB-E-367
  • Collection Locality : Thummalapalle Mining Area, Kadapa district (AP); Batrepalli, Nigidi forest, Anantapur district (AP); Batrepalli, Nigidi forest, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Prakasam district, Anantapur district, Kurnool district, Guntur district, Kadapa district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Nuapada district, Balasore district, Sambalpur district, Nayagarh district, Puri district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Rayagada district, Koraput district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of Indi.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Rhynchosia minima. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

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