Pterocarpus santalinus L.f.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Lingoum santalinum (L.f.) Kuntze
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Pterocarpus santalinus L.f.
  • Common name : Indian Red wood, Red Sanders, Red sandalwood
  • Vernacular name : Lal chandan, Rakta Chandan (Hindi); Chensandanam, Semmaram, Sivappu chandanam (Tamil); Agarugandhamu, Rakta gandhamu, Yerra Chandanamu, Sanna anapa (Telugu); Raktha Chandan (Oria); Rakthachandanam, Chenchandanam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests, also planted
  • Comments / notes : Restricted growth range and grows typically on dry hills, often rocky ground and on precipitous hill sides up to 1100m. Also cultivated for its valuable timber. Yeilds a red sap from its bark when cut-open which is highly medicinal.
  • Key identification features : Very pretty and valuable moderate sized tree. Bark blackish brown, deeply cleft into rectangular plates. Leaves slightly emarginate. Flowers in racems.
  • Flower, Fruit : April-June; Fruit till February.
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : Dec., 2015
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-260
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kadapa district, Chittoor district, Nellore district, Anantapur district, Kurnool district, Prakasam district
    • Odisha : Cuttack district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district, Mordana RF (Vellore district), Tiruvannamalai district (Tiruvannamalai district), Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Salem district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Endangered (EN)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Pterocarpus santalinus. Downloaded on 13 December 2019.

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