Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.
  • Common name : Indian Kino Tree, Malabara Kino Tree, Almug, Saunderswood, Bastard teak, East Indian Kino, Gammalu, Kino
  • Vernacular name : Bija, Piasal, Bijsaal, Vijaysaar (Hindi); Raktha honne mara, Benga mara, Volle honne (Kannada); Vaengai (Tamil); Yegi, Peddagi, Yerra Yegisa, Yegisa, Yerra Chandanam (Telugu); Bija, Piasal (Oria); Asana, Bijaka, Murga (Sanskrit); Karavenga, Venna, Venga (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on hill slopes of deciduous forests up to 1400m and even in dry to fully exposed habitats. Bark when cut open yeilds a red resinous exudate which dries in solid block
  • Key identification features : Large deciduous tree
  • Flower, Fruit : March-November
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, East Godavari district, Prakasam district, Chittoor district, Anantapur district, Kadapa district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Ballari district, Chikkamagaluru district, Chitradurga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Dharwad district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Sambalpur district, Malkangiri district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, Kanyakumari district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Ramanathapuram district, Tirunelveli district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Vulnerable (VU)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R.Seshagiri Rao et al- Flora of West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, 1986; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Pterocarpus marsupium. Downloaded on 13 December 2019.

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