Mucuna monosperma DC. ex Wight

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Carpopogon monospermum (DC. ex Wight) Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Mucuna monosperma Wight
  • Common name : Elephant scratch wort
  • Vernacular name : Aane ippe balli, Nisaranga (Kannada); Periyattalargai, Thelu-kodi (Tamil); Enuga dulagondi, Peddadulagondi (Telugu); Sarni, Tekka, Bai donka (Oria); Kapikachhu (Sanskrit); Malanthalli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Evergreen, dry deciduous and moist deciduous forests
  • Key identification features : Flowers purple on long corymbose racemes
  • Flower, Fruit : November-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Srikakulam district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Gajapati district, Rayagada district, Koraput district, Puri district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Mucuna monosperma. Downloaded on 10 December 2019.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.