Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Dolichos uniflorus Lam.
  • Synonym(s) : Dolichos biflorus auct. non L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc.
  • Common name : Horse gram
  • Vernacular name : Huruli (Kannada); Kollu (Tamil); Wulawalu (Telugu); Kulthia, Kolatha (Oria); Hulga, Kulithi (Marathi); Muthira (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated for its edible pods. Also an escape in hills up to 1200m.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-December
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Raichur district, Tumakuru district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills, Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : Tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Macrotyloma uniflorum. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

Botanical Description

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