Erythrina variegata L.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Erythrina variegata var. orientalis (L.) Merr.; Erythrina indica Lam.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Erythrina variegata L.
  • Common name : Indian Coral Tree, Tiger's claw
  • Vernacular name : Paribhadrika (Sanskrit); Pharad, Pangra, Dadp, Pankara (Hindi); Kalyana-murungai (Tamil); Mulla moduga, Badisa, Bedita, Baridamu (Telugu); Chavuldhua, Paladhua (Oria); Paribhadrika (Sanskrit); Harivana, Harivana (Kannada); Kalyana, Mullumurukku, Murukku (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Planted in hedges and as support for pepper and betel vines.
  • Key identification features : Prickly tree; soft wooded; prickles on stem
  • Flower, Fruit : February-July
  • Collection Nos : CJS 16905
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Nellore district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Bidar district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Kandhamal district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Namakkal district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, China through Malaysia; introduced in Africa, Madagascar and Polynesia
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Erythrina variegata. Downloaded on 13 July 2020.

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