Erythrina stricta Roxb.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Erythrina stricta Roxb.
  • Common name : Indian Coral tree
  • Vernacular name : Keechige (Kannada); Murukkai (Tamil); Mullamodugu (Telugu); Chaldua (Oria); Aann-murikku, Mullumurukku, Murikku, Venmurukku (Malayalam);
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests and often planted
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on plains to 1000m
  • Key identification features : Deciduous tree with recurved prickles on branchlets; flowers red
  • Flower, Fruit : January-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Guntur district
    • Karnataka : Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, The Nilgiri district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • World Distribution : India, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Erythrina stricta. Downloaded on 14 December 2019.

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