Desmodium velutinum (Willd.) DC.

  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Hedysarum velutinum Willd.
  • Synonym(s) : Desmodium latifolium (Roxb.) DC.; Hedysarum latifolium Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Desmodium velutinum (Willd.) DC.
  • Vernacular name : Orila (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Dry and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on hills above 700m and on hill slopes.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-June
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 02-01-2016; 13-12-2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-311; HJCB-E-198
  • Collection Locality : Batrepalli, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Prakasam district, West Godavari district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Sambalpur district, Mayurbhanj district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruvannamalai district, Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Ramanathapuram district, Tirunelveli district, Dharmapuri district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
  • World Distribution : India, Nepal, Bhutan, Africa, Sri Lanka, China, Thailand, Indo-China, Taiwan, Myanmar, Siam, Indonesia, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. velutinum. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

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