Desmodium pulchellum (L.) Benth.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Hedysarum pulchellum L.
  • Synonym(s) : Phyllodium pulchellum (L.) Desv.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Phyllodium pulchellum (L.) Desv.
  • Vernacular name : Birkapi (Oria); Cherupachotti, Kattumuthira (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous and moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on the hills of Eastern Ghats from 500-1400 m, as an undergrowth in deciduous forests in clumps and by stream banks.
  • Key identification features : Undershrub; flowers white
  • Flower, Fruit : September-February
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy, Arun Singh R & K.Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 27/11/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-164
  • Collection Locality : Sadasivakona Forest, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Kurnool district, Vishakapatnam district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Chikkamagaluru district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Sambalpur district, Cuttack district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district
  • Native : Temperate and Tropical Asia to Australia
  • World Distribution : Himalayas, India, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, Malaysia, China, Northern Australia, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China, RyuKyu Islands
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnatka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Desmodium pulchellum. Downloaded on 6 July 2020.

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