Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Hedysarum gangeticum L.
  • Synonym(s) : Hedysarum collinum Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC.
  • Vernacular name : Salpan, Salvan, Sarivon, Salwan (Hindi); Bennachhuga (Kannada); Gitanarum, Yitanarum, Kolaku ponna (Telugu); Saloporni, Salpheni, Chokkosondo (Oria); Salaparni (Sanskrit); Salvan (Marathi); Orila, Pulladi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Moist and dry deciduous forests and forests plantations
  • Comments / notes : In plains to 1400 m on floor of wooded places, open deciduous forests and in coconut grooves, also found as forest undergrowth
  • Key identification features : Unifoliolate leaves
  • Flower, Fruit : October-January
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy & B. Sadasivaiah
  • Collection Date : 19/06/2010
  • Collection Nos : FAP 39502
  • Collection Locality : Kalasamudram, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Sambalpur district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Paleotropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Desmodium gangeticum. Downloaded on 15 December 2019.

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