Derris trifoliata Lour.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Derris uliginosa (Roxb.) Benth.; Galedupa uliginosa Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Derris trifoliata Lour.
  • Vernacular name : Tigekranugu, Nauatige, Chirathelathige (Telugu); Ketia, Swanlata (Oria); Kammattivalli, Ponumvalli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Mangrove forests and backwaters
  • Comments / notes : Along stream banks, canals and sea coasts
  • Key identification features : Flowers pink
  • Flower, Fruit : January-October
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Nellore district, Krishna district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Kodagu (Coorg) district, Dakshina Kannada district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Kendrapara district, Puri district, Khurda district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Cuddalore district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, Villipuram district, Thanjavur district
  • Native : Madagascar
  • World Distribution : India, Andaman & Nicobar (India), S.Africa, Madagascar, Mozambique, Mascarene Islands, Sub-Tropical Asia, Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnatka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnatka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Derris trifoliata. Downloaded on 11 July 2020.

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