Derris scandens (Roxb.) Benth.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Dalbergia scandens Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Brachypterum scandens (Roxb.) Benth.; Derris timoriensis (DC.) Pittier
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Derris scandens (Roxb.) Benth.
  • Common name : Hog Creeper
  • Vernacular name : Gonj (Hindi); Handhi balli (Kannada); Thekil, Thegil, Ponili, Tirani, Thirudankodi (Tamil); Nallatiga, Choratalibadu, Chirukatige, Suruli, Mottasirili (Telugu); Kentia, Kamocho, Mohagano (Oria); Panivalli, Poonjali, Ponnamavalli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Scrub and dry deciduous forests, also in mangrove forests and sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in plains and in scrub jungles along river banks to 750m.
  • Key identification features : Woody climber with imparipinnate leaves and white or pale rose flowers
  • Flower, Fruit : July-February
  • Collector(s) Name : K.Sankara Rao, Raja K.Swamy, Arun Singh R & Siddarth
  • Collection Date : 26/10/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0122
  • Collection Locality : Bakharapet ghat, Talakona-Tirupati road, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Nellore district, Prakasam district, Kurnool district, Guntur district, East Godavari district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Jagatsinghpur district, Puri district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Southeast Asia, China, N.Australia, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Derris scandens. Downloaded on 16 December 2019.

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