Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Amerimnon sissoo (Roxb.) O.Ktze.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.
  • Common name : North Indian Rosewood, Indiana dalbergia, Shisham, Sissoo
  • Vernacular name : Sisam, Sissu, Sheesham (Hindi); Biradi (Kannada); Thaesi maram, Sisu-itii, Gette (Tamil); Sissoo, Sensupa, Errasissu (Telugu); Sissoo, Simsapa (Oria); Kushimshipa (Sanskrit); Sisvi (Marathi); Himalayan-eetti, Iruvil, Seesam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Planted
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on plains up to 900m. Often planted for the valuable timber. Timber used for building purposes
  • Flower, Fruit : January-April (Fl.); Marchch onwards (Fr.)
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Alappuzha district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Dharmapuri district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • Native : Indo-Himalayan
  • World Distribution : Tropical Himalayas, India, Tropical Africa, West Asia, Myanmar, Bhutan
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Dalbergia sissoo. Downloaded on 12 December 2019.

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