Dalbergia horrida (Dennst.) Mabb.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Amerimnon horridum Dennst.
  • Synonym(s) : Dalbergia sympathetica Nimmo; Dalbergia multiflora Prain
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Dalbergia horrida (Dennst.) Mabb.
  • Vernacular name : Aanamullu, Jadavalli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also sacred groves and plains
  • Comments / notes : Frequent in semi-evergreen forests.
  • Key identification features : A large prickly Climbing shrub. Stems are armed with strong, blunt and curved thorns. Leaves are unipinnate, leaflets often beset with galls, obovate-oblong and notched at the tip. Flowers are axillary and borne in dense cymes. Fruit is a 1-2-seeded flat pod.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-February
  • Collection Nos : KFP 4927, KFP 10952
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Chikkamagaluru district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Alappuzha district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Southwest India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.; Arora et al., 1981 - South Kanara; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol.1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Dalbergia horrida. Downloaded on 6 July 2020.

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