Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Dalbergia emarginata Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.
  • Common name : East Indian Rosewood, Black Rosewood, Bombay Black wood, Indonesian Rosewood, Malabar rosewood
  • Vernacular name : Sitsal, Shisham, Pahari-sissoo (Hindi); Beete mara (Kannada); Erivadi, Tawadi, Eetti, Thodagatthi, Karundorviaral (Tamil); Jitegi, Gitegi, Zitregi, Yerrapatsaru, Cittegi, Irugudu (Telugu); Gaisisu, Sisua, Sissoo, Jadimari (Oria); Biti, Sissu (Marathi); Cholaveetti, Eeti, Kariveeti, Veeti (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on hills to 1300m.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Chittoor district, West Godavari district, East Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Prakasam district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Common in deciduous forests
    • Tamil Nadu : Common in hills
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Nepal, Andama Islands (India), Malay peninsula, Indonesia, Himalayas, China, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Vulnerable (VU)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; C. E. C. Fischer, 1921 - A Survey of the Flora of Anaimalai Hills in the Coimbatore District, Madras Presidency; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Dalbergia latifolia. Downloaded on 7 December 2019.

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