Crotalaria retusa L.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Crotalaria retusa L.
  • Common name : Common Rattle Pod, Big Yellow Pupbush, Cascabelillo, Large Yellow Rattlebox, Rattlebox, Rattlewee, Wedge-Leaf Rattlepod, Yellow Lupin
  • Vernacular name : Khunkhuniyan, Ghunghunnian (Hindi); Gejje gida (Kannada); Ghagri (Tamil); Potti-giligicha (Telugu); Shanapushpi (Sanskrit); Chana, Kilukilikki, Kilikiluppa, Mathru-ghathini, Thanthalakkotti (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Open deciduous forests and scrub forest near moist places
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on plains and river banks to 1200m.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-March
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy & Navendu Page; K.Sankara Rao, Raja K.Swamy & Arun Singh
  • Collection Date : 26-02-2016; 19-11-2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-327; HJCB-0146
  • Collection Locality : Chilika to Bhubaneswar, Khurda district (OD); Palamner forest range, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Anantapur district, Kadapa district, Srikakulam district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Sambalpur district, Koraput district, Cuttack district, Khurda district, Subarnapur district, Puri district, Dhenkanal district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Dharmapuri district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district, Ramanathapuram district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • Native : Southeast Asia
  • World Distribution : All tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Crotalaria retusa. Downloaded on 8 July 2020.

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