Crotalaria pallida Aiton

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Crotalaria mucronata Desv.; Crotalaria striata DC.; Crotalaria striata DC. var. acutifolia Trimen
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Crotalaria pallida Aiton
  • Common name : American Crotalaria, Brusquillo, Cascabelitos, Ding Ding, Salts Rattlebox, Smooth Crotalaria, Smooth Rattlepod, Streaked Rattlepod, Striped Crotalaria
  • Vernacular name : Sensan (Hindi); Junjunka (Oria); Kilukkachedi, Kilukilikki, Kilukkampettichedi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Degraded forest areas, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Introduced in plains and in banks to 1000m.
  • Key identification features : Glabrescent undershrub; flowers yellow
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy & Noel Sebastian
  • Collection Date : 25-11-2018
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-1849
  • Collection Locality : Kanthallor, Idukki district, Kerala
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kolar district, Mandya district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Central America
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnatka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Davanagere; Herbarium specimen from Kanthallor, Idukki district, Kerala.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Crotalaria pallida. Downloaded on 20 April 2021.

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