Crotalaria longipes Wight & Arn.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Crotalaria shevaroyensis Gamble
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Crotalaria longipes Wight & Arn.
  • Vernacular name : Kattuthuvara (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Wet regions in deciduous forests and grasslands
  • Comments / notes : There are three species of Crotalaria L. under this synonomy – C.shevaroyensis Gamble, C.madurensis Wight ex Wight & Arn. and C.subperfoliata Wight ex Wight & Arn. (Pullaiah, 2001). However, there is no clear evidence for their synonomy as also a clear distinction. We choose to treat them seperately with only C.shevaroyensis Gamble as a synonym of C.longipes Wight & Arn. based on ThePlantList, 2014.
  • Key identification features : Branches stiff
  • Flower, Fruit : August-March
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kadapa district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Namakkal district, The Nilgiri district, Tiruchirapalli district, Dharmapuri district, Madurai district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Peninsular India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Extinct (EX) Nayar, M.P. & Sastry, A.R.K. 1990); Not Evaluated (IUCN, 2014); Endangered (EN) Sasidharan, N. 2011. DVD, KFRI.
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; Nayar, M.P. & Sastry, A.R.K. 1990. Red Data Book of Indian Plants. Vol. 1-3. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Crotalaria longipes. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

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