Crotalaria albida Heyne ex Roth

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Crotalaria montana Roxb. Fl. Ind. 3: 365. 1832; non Roth Nov. Pl. Sp. 335. 1821.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Crotalaria albida Roth
  • Common name : Hill Rattle wort
  • Vernacular name : Banmethi (Hindi); Kondagiligichcha (Telugu)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Grasslands
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on hill clumps up to 1000m. Common throughout hill sides
  • Key identification features : Diffused much branched woody plant
  • Flower, Fruit : September-January
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Kurnool district, West Godavari district, Chittoor district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Ballari district, Chikkamagaluru district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Southeast Asia
  • World Distribution : India, Southeast Asia, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Saldanha, 1984; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Coorg; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Crotalaria albida. Downloaded on 12 July 2020.

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